6 How is ACS diagnosed? Several tests are used to diagnose ACS and to determine if your symptoms are the result of a heart attack or if there is another cause of your chest discomfort. • An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), which measures the electrical activity of the heart • A blood test, which can determine if any of the heart’s cells are dying or damaged If you are having a heart attack, you will probably be admitted to the hospital to undergo more extensive tests to determine if your heart has been damaged. If your chest pain has subsided, your healthcare provider will perform tests to check the flow of blood to your heart. How is ACS treated? Medications such as aspirin, nitroglycerin and beta-blockers are one way ACS is treated, but your treatment will depend on the amount of blockage in your arteries and your symptoms. If the blockage is significant enough, you may need to have an angioplasty. Angioplasty is a procedure designed to restore normal blood flow through clogged or blocked arteries by inserting a balloon-tipped catheter. The balloon is inflated to open the artery. Sometimes a stent, a tube made of mesh wire, is placed in the artery to keep it open.
P854 Acute Coronary Syndrome
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