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P854 Acute Coronary Syndrome

Chapter 1: Understanding acute coronary syndrome (ACS) What causes acute coronary syndrome? Fatty substances such as cholesterol can stick to the inner walls of your arteries. These deposits, called plaque, can eventually slow or block the flow of blood. This blockage is called atherosclerosis, and it can affect any medium- to large-sized artery in your body. When these blockages restrict blood flow to your heart, a heart attack occurs. Symptoms One of the most recognizable symptoms of ACS is discomfort or pain in the chest. This discomfort may include pressure and a feeling of tightness or fullness. Other common symptoms include: • Shortness of breath • Nausea and sweating • Pain or discomfort in the neck, jaw, stomach or back • Pain or discomfort in one or both arms • Feeling lightheaded or dizzy If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, call 911 immediately. 5


P854 Acute Coronary Syndrome
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