Heart-Healthy Eating A pAtient resource guide Acute Coronary Syndrome: Stroke and Heart Attack Prevention P854_ABC_FH_ACS_Stroke_HeartAttack_Prevention_GTG.indd 1 6/14/13 2:30 PM The most important eating change you can make is to reduce sodium. But other foods can also cause heart problems. Foods high in cholesterol and certain fats can clog arteries. This could result in a heart attack or stroke. Cutting down on these foods will help protect your heart. Not everyone with heart failure needs to eat this way. Ask your healthcare provider or dietitian if you should follow these guidelines. Choose Fats Wisely Your body needs some fats to stay healthy. But eating too much of certain fats is bad for your heart. Try to choose the healthier fats and avoid unhealthy ones. CHOOSE LIMIT AVOID Type of Fat Unsaturated fat Saturated fat Trans fat Where it’s found Nuts, seeds, fish, avocados, some vegetable oils (such as olive, canola, and soy) What About Cholesterol? Cholesterol is a waxy, fatlike substance. Your body needs some cholesterol to stay healthy. But too much can clog arteries and cause heart problems. Cholesterol is absorbed into the blood from foods, such as egg yolks, organ meats, and fatty animal products. Cutting down on these helps lower the amount of cholesterol in your blood and reduces your heart attack risk. Other steps to take to help keep your cholesterol levels at healthy levels: • Get regular aerobic exercise. Regular physical activity is critical to improving your cholesterol levels and cutting your risk for heart disease. Exercise reduces not only total cholesterol, but also LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, and increases HDL (“good”) cholesterol. • If you drink, do so in moderation. Excessive alcohol use increases triglyceride levels. • Reduce stress. It may help keep your cholesterol in check. • If you smoke, quit. Smoking raises triglyceride levels. • Set goals for healthy eating. Making even small changes will help you lead a healthier lifestyle. • Make healthy food choices for you and your family. Find ways to substitute lower fat and cholesterol foods for those you might normally use. • Take medication as directed. Always talk to your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you have questions about medicines you take, whether prescribed or over-the-counter. You’re making great progress! Take a short quiz on what you’ve learned so far. 21 Click here to begin… © 2013 ABC, FH Foundation, and Krames StayWel . All rights reserved. Animal foods such as beef, pork, or high-fat dairy Snack foods, french fries and other fast food, shortening, most margarines What you should do Eat unsaturated fat some of the time. For instance, cook with olive or canola oil instead of butter. Eat as little saturated fat as you can. To cut down, choose fat-free milk and lean meats, chicken, or fish. Avoid foods with trans fat. Check for it on food labels and on the ingredients list in the form of hydrogenated oils. My Fat and Cholesterol Goals If you have been told to limit fat and cholesterol, work with your healthcare provider to set daily goals for the following: Total fat:____ g Saturated fat:____ g Dietary cholesterol:____ mg P854 HeartHealthyEating.indd 1 6/17/13 3:37 PM Heart-Healthy Eating Click here to download and print this worksheet about healthy eating.
P854 Acute Coronary Syndrome
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