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P854 Acute Coronary Syndrome

What are risk factors for hypertension? Certain factors make hypertension more likely. Some factors cannot be changed, but others can. These are the risk factors for hypertension: • Age. The risk for hypertension increases with age. • Male gender. Men have a higher risk of developing high blood pressure than women until age 55; after that, their risks are similar. • Blood relatives who have high blood pressure. • Smoking. • Overweight or obesity. • Alcohol. The risk rises for anyone drinking more than one ounce of pure alcohol a day. This means an average of more than two drinks a day for men and one drink per day for women. • Too little physical activity. At least 30 minutes of moderately strenuous activity most days is recommended. • Sensitivity to sodium (salt). In some people, eating too much sodium leads to hypertension. African Americans appear to be more sensitive than people of other ethnic backgrounds to the effects of salt on blood pressure. • Type 2 diabetes, gout or kidney disease. • Pregnancy. Some women who do not have hypertension develop it during pregnancy. • Taking certain medications or herbal supplements. Certain medications and herbal supplements can raise blood pressure in some people. Common ones include steroids, ibuprofen, nasal decongestants and other cold remedies, and diet pills. 17


P854 Acute Coronary Syndrome
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