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P854 Acute Coronary Syndrome

Risk factors These factors increase your risk for a second heart attack. • Sedentary lifestyle • Being overweight or obese • High cholesterol • High blood sugar if you have diabetes • High blood pressure • Smoking • Excess stress To reduce your risk and help prevent a second heart attack: • Quit smoking. You can cut your risk for another heart attack in half by not smoking. • Eat a heart-healthy diet. By cutting back on saturated fat and trans fat, you can lower your LDL (“bad”) cholesterol, one of the primary substances that cause heart attacks. Eat less margarine and fewer cookies, crackers, fries, doughnuts and other snack foods that contain partially hydrogenated oils. • Control your cholesterol. Besides eating a healthy diet, you can help keep your cholesterol under control by exercising regularly. Your healthcare provider may also prescribe a cholesterol-lowering medication, such as a statin. If you’ve had a heart attack before the age of 50- 60, seek additional testing and family screening for the possibility of familial hypercholesterolemia. (See Chapter 4 for more information.) • Exercise regularly. Exercise is important because it strengthens your heart muscle. It also boosts your energy level and helps with weight management, cholesterol and blood pressure. Try to get 30-60 minutes of exercise three to five times each week. Talk to your healthcare provider before starting an exercise program. • Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight dramatically increases your risk for a second heart attack. If you need to lose weight, ask your healthcare provider for help. • Control high blood pressure. Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions. • Assess your mental health. Depression, stress, anxiety and anger can damage your heart and overall health. See a therapist if you need help maintaining your emotional balance. • Take your medications as directed. It’s very important to take as directed any medications your healthcare provider has prescribed. You’ve finished Chapter 2! Take a short 15 quiz on what you’ve learned so far. Click here to begin…


P854 Acute Coronary Syndrome
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